What are the Best Historical Sites in Turkey?

Historical sites in Turkey welcome thousands of visitors from all over the world every year. Turkey is a paradise with its geography and history and has hosted various civilizations throughout the ages. Artifacts, ruins, and ancient cities in these lands are more precious and beautiful than the others.

As historical sites in Turkey are abundant, the country develops both in terms of tourism and economy. In this article, as Realty Group, we will talk about the best historical places in Turkey. Here is a list of all the best historical sites in Turkey.

1. Ephesus

When people talk about Izmir and popular ancient historical sites in Turkey, only one name that comes to mind is Ephesus. This fascinating ancient city which is located in one of the most beautiful historical sites in Izmir Turkey has stood for centuries as one of the world’s most important capitals. Ephesus Turkey Historical Site which is one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World dates back to BC 7000s.

As a big city, also known as the mega ancient city, it hosted the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Principalities, and Ottoman periods. We suggest you use your Museum Pass the Aegean to enter Ephesus, or even buy it at the entrance. 2021 Entrance Fee is 12,38 USD.

2. Cappadocia Underground Cities

Underground cities are always very popular among tourists. Cappadocia Underground Cities in Nevsehir are one of the most famous historical sites in Turkey, also in the world. The number of underground settlements in the Cappadocia Region is approximately 150-200. Moreover, due to their structures, there are spacious areas and plenty of oxygen. The first floor of the underground city, which was formed by shaping tuff rocks, dates back to BC 5000s.

You can visit, Derinkuyu, Kaymakli, and Ozkonak underground cities which consist of rooms, halls, wine cellars, water tanks, food cellars, water wells, kitchens, and church sections. 2021 Entrance Fee for Derinkuyu and Kaymakli is 6,19 USD and 3,10 USD for Ozkonak.

3. Van Castle

One of the most glorious historical sites in Eastern Anatolia in Turkey. The construction date of the Van Castle, which was built by the Urartians, is thought to be between 840-825 BC. The 80-meter-high castle is 1800 meters long. The castle on the shore of Lake Van is also 5 km away from the city center.

The only artifact unearthed from the castle is the Persian Inscription. There are also ruins from the Ottoman period. The main city was in the south of the castle. 2021 Entrance Fee is 1,29 USD.

4. Church of Saint Nicholas

There are lots of historical sites in Antalya Turkey. The Church of Saint Nicholas is one of the most famous values in these areas. Born in Patara and living in Myra (Demre), Santa Claus is known as St. Nicholas.  So, he became a saint because he was the protector of students, the poor, and sailors.

The church (Noel Baba Kilisesi in Turkish) was built when he died. On the walls of the church, there were paintings depicting his miracles. Besides, his bones exhibited in the Antalya Museum are thought to belong to him. The interior of the church in Antalya invites you to history. 2021 Entrance Fee is 7,22 USD.

5. Gobeklitepe Archaeological Site

Gobeklitepe, the starting point in history, is one of the newly-discovered historical sites in Southern Turkey. The discovery of Gobeklitepe which caused repercussions both in the world and in Turkey, caused the history of humanity to be discussed again.

The 12thousand-year-old site is thought to be the world’s first temple. 2019 was declared the Year of Gobeklitepe by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. This situation has increased the interest of both domestic and international travelers. Moreover, do not forget to visit Sanliurfa Archaeological Museum because the artifacts and sculptures excavated are exhibited here. 2021 Entrance Fee is 5,68 USD.

6. Mount Nemrut

Mount Nemrut is 87 kilometers away from Adiyaman city center. The area is decorated with statues made by the king of Commagene to show gratitude to the ancestors, goddesses, and gods. The size of these statues is about 8-10 meters and amazes those who see them. Moreover, Mount Nemrut Historical Sites provide one of the best opportunities to watch sunrise and sunset in Turkey.

We can say that the mountain is a bridge between East and West, as one side of the mountain contains sculptures belonging to Persian culture and the other side Greek culture. 2021 Entrance Fee is 3,10 USD.

7. Kayakoy

When you search for historic sites in Western Turkey, you will see Ghost Town Kayakoy in Mugla. It is said that the history of Karmylassos, which is one of the cities of the Lycian Civilization, namely Kayakoy as we know it, dates back to BC 3000s.

Also, this archeological site is one of the oldest and biggest Anatolian Greek settlements in that area.  Only rock tombs and sarcophagi from Karmylassos have survived to the present day. The structures we see now reflect the traces of history after the 19th century. 2021 Entrance Fee is 1,29 USD.

8. Aspendos

Antalya Turkey Historical Sites include Aspendos which was established by the Achaeans in the 10th century BC. Romans built the Aspendos Antique Theater which is in the Ancient City of Aspendos (Belkis), in the 2nd century AD. The most interesting feature of this ancient theater with a capacity of approximately 20,000 people is its unique acoustic design.

For centuries, the theater functioned as a gladiator arena, water games, open-air church, and caravanserai. Opera and ballet festivals are held every year in the ancient theater, which hosts various artistic events today. Finally, the 2021 Entrance Fee is 6,19 USD.

9. Aphrodisias

Aphrodisias Ancient City is one of the best historical sites to visit in Turkey. The city was entitled to enter the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2017. Originally a small village, the city became an important religious center in the 2nd century BC. The reason for the development of sculpture in the city was the abundance of marble deposits in the region.

The use of the region as a settlement goes back to 5000 BC. In the 12th century, it became an abandoned city. The stadium with a capacity of 30 thousand is a fascinating historical artifact. The visitors can see the artifacts in the museum. Also, the 2021 Entrance Fee is 4,13 USD.

10. The Blue Mosque

The Blue Mosque is one of the most glorious mosques in the world. Together with Hagia Sophia, they are the most famous buildings in Istanbul. The interior of the mosque is deep blue since the inner surface of the mosque is covered with Iznik ceramics and tiles. The construction of The Blue Mosque alias Sultanahmet began in 1609 and was completed in 1616.

Sultanahmet is the only mosque in Turkey with 6 minarets in Turkey. Furthermore, the body of each minaret is decorated differently. The entrance is free as it is used for worship.

11. The Basilica Cistern

The Basilica Cistern, near the historical peninsula Sultanahmet Square, is one of the places that attract the most tourists. It is one of the must-see historical sites in Turkey Istanbul. It is operated as a museum and also hosts various national and international events throughout the year.

Developed in the 6th century during the Byzantine period, the Basilica has a water storage capacity of 100,000 tons. The cistern is accessed by a 52-step staircase and contains 336 columns, each 9 meters high and about 5 meters apart. Note that this unique structure is now closed for a while due to restoration works.

12. The Ruins of Ani

Ani, right on the Armenian-Turkish border in Kars, is the first place that comes to mind when we talk about Kars. It is a settlement that has been the scene of various civilizations for hundreds of years. Ani Ruins, which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List, was an important settlement center due to its proximity to trade routes.

Ruins consist of 21 historical buildings such as a temple, church, palace, caravansary, mosque, bath, mill, etc. 2021 Entrance Fee is 2,27 USD.

What Shapes the Architecture of Turkey?

Turks have reflected the architectural features of the different geographies in their settlement cultures. Architecture in Turkey was heavily influenced by Ottoman architecture in the early years. Besides, Seljuk, Byzantine, and Arab architecture influenced Ottoman architecture.

After the proclamation of the Turkish Republic, Europeans inspired the modernization process in Turkey. In general, historical factors such as wars, social and cultural factors, economic factors, and environmental factors shape the architecture of Turkey.

How Many Civilizations Lived in Turkey?

Anatolian geography hosted different civilizations for centuries with the attraction created by its geopolitical position and fertile lands and has been the scene of great wars for the sake of these lands. So, civilizations established in the lands of Turkey chronologically are Sumerians, Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Ionians, Urartians, Persians, Alexander Empire, Roman Empire, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans.

Why Should You Visit Turkey?

There are many possible answers to this question as listed below.

  • Turkish cuisine
  • Four seasons at the same time
  • Easy transportation
  • Affordable accommodation options
  • Multicultural activities
  • The chance to visit rich museums and ruins,
  • The chance to have a holiday in a safe country,
  • The chance to benefit from affordable health tourism.

Why Should You Live in Turkey?

The reasons why you should live in Turkey are listed below.

  • Getting a residence permit easily in Turkey.
  • Obtaining Turkish Citizenship for your family and yourself.
  • Starting a business by investing.
  • Benefiting from multilingual education opportunities.
  • Enjoying the entertainment life and cultural activities.
  • Feeling the advantage of living in a safe country.
  • Taking advantage of the abundance of tourism activities.

Can You Buy Historical Houses in Turkey?

Yes, you can. For instance, in Buyukada Istanbul, there are old but elegant historical houses prices of which are 10 million on average. In the Bebek district, you can find old but luxurious manors. In Izmir and Aydin, you will be able to find old Greek houses at a wide range of prices. Also, you can find old houses to buy in Ankara and Kutahya which are in the middle of Turkey.

The Turkish Law of Protection of Cultural and Natural Properties protects historical houses in Turkey. Valuation studies by the Enforcement Directorates determine their prices. You need to do the necessary research from places such as the Municipality, the General Directorate of Land Registry and Cadastre, and The Ministry of Culture and Tourism. When you want to restore your historical house, you can do so within the framework of the necessary approvals of the relevant authorities.

What is an Important Historical Location in Turkey?

The Dardanelles and Istanbul Straits are transit points of great importance for the whole world. The few straits in the world that connect the continents are located in our country. In this sense, Turkey is the gateway of Asian countries to Europe, and this makes our country’s geopolitical position important. The Bosphorus is the gateway to the Black Sea, and it is a point that the whole world wants to have, which has been the cause of great wars.

What is the Most Important Monument in Turkey?

Natural monuments in Turkey attract travelers from all over the world every year. For example, Pamukkale travertines are among the most touristic spots in Turkey. Pamukkale Travertines, which are one of the most important touristic centers formed by natural processes within the borders of Turkey, has been protected as a protected area in line with the studies of the Ministry of Tourism and are also the ancient city of Hierapolis. It has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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