Education System in Turkey

Turkey is ranked sixth among the world’s best destinations and first among education providers with a new education system and Turkey’s higher education system encompasses all institutions that provide education and training for the stages following high school, with higher education institutions providing at least two years of formal education.

According to the Republic of Turkey’s Constitution, every person has the right to free and quality education for obligatory elementary education. Turkish must be taught as the mother tongue, except at specifically licensed and foreign institutions. There is a new education system in Turkey since 2012. Boys and girls are required to complete twelve years of education, which may be split into 4+4+4 years of study.

The Ministry of National Education (MEB) is in charge of the country’s educational administration and is in charge of establishing the education system in Turkey such as curriculum, coordinating the activities of government, private and non-profit organizations, and constructing and building schools, generating instructional materials and so on.

The Ministry of Education prepares curriculum and rules, which the Supreme Council of National Education discusses and decides on. The Directorates of National Education, appointed by the Minister but reporting to the provincial governor, organize educational issues in the provinces. The federal government is responsible for all public educational costs. Approximately 10% of the general budget is allotted for national education.

The academic year typically begins in mid-September and ends in mid-June, with minor differences between urban and rural locations. There is a morning and an afternoon session throughout the school day.  However, in crowded schools, there is a split session. Schools are open five days a week (Monday through Friday), for a total of 35-40 hours.

Between January and February, there is a two-week-long winter vacation. Universities often divide the academic year into two semesters, which last from October to January -February, and March to June-July. The Turkish National Educational System is divided into two parts: formal education and non-formal education.

1. Formal Education: Formal education is the regular education of people of a specific age group that is provided in schools. Pre-primary education, primary education, secondary education, and higher education institutions are all included.

2. Pre-Primary education is an elective education for children aged 3-5 who are not yet at the age of obligatory primary school age. As a result of this education, children will be better prepared for primary school while also acquiring excellent habits, as well as a common atmosphere for growth for those who live in difficult situations. They will also be taught Turkish, so it is correctly and fluently spoken. Pre-school education is given in kindergartens, daycare homes, nursery classes in primary schools, and private nurseries under the Ministry’s control. They are more commonly observed in major cities and towns.

3. Primary education: With the passage of a new law in 2012, four years of elementary school plus four years of middle school are now required, followed by four years of compulsory high school education (makes a total of 12 years compulsory education).

Starting at the age of five, all boys and girls are required to attend primary school, which is given usually for free in public institutions. These institutions offer a total of eight (4+4) years of study. There are also state-controlled private (and paid) schools. Foreign language classes begin in most elementary schools in fourth grade. To eliminate the social disparity between affluent and poor pupils, most primary school kids dress identically in a sort of uniform. If a student fails the class, he or she must repeat it the following year.

After eight years, successful pupils continue their studies for four more years in secondary school. The goal of primary education is to ensure that every child acquires the fundamental knowledge, skills, behaviors, and habits necessary to become a good citizen, that he or she is raised by national moral concepts, and that he or she is prepared for life and for the next educational level that corresponds to his or her interests and skills.

4. Secondary Education: Secondary education lasts four years and consists of four-year general, vocational, and technical high schools (Lycées, Lise in Turkish) (used to be 3 years until 2005). Students in regular high schools are prepared to attend colleges and universities. Some secondary schools and private secondary schools provide foreign language preparatory programs. These private lycées provide bilingual education (such as Italian Highschool, German Highschool, Austrian Highschool, French Highschool, and so on). Vocational and technical high schools provide specialized training for skilled workers.

Technical lycées include electrical, electronics, chemistry, machinery, motors, and building. Industrial vocational lycées, Girls’ vocational lycées (home economics, etc.), Public Health Vocational Lycées, Commercial Vocational Lycées, Agricultural Vocational Lycées, Meteorology Vocational Lycées, Animal Husbandry Vocational Lycées, Land Registration, and Cadaster Vocational Lycées, Land Registration and Cadaster Vocational Lycées, Land Registration and Cadaster Vocal Secondary education’s goal are to give students a basic understanding of culture, to identify individual and social problems, to seek solutions, to raise awareness to contribute to the country’s socio-economic and cultural development and to prepare students for higher education, professions, life, and business based on their interests and skills.

Nighttime high schools, in addition to conventional high schools, are often housed in the same school building. These are designed to allow people to continue their formal education after graduating from elementary (or middle) school. The majority of high schools are state-run and provide paid education.

There are also several private high schools, which are, of course, supported by the parents. High school graduates can enter colleges if they pass the entrance examinations.

5.  Higher Education: Turkish universities are Republican institutions dedicated to Atatürk’s beliefs. Universities, faculties, institutes, higher education schools, conservatories, vocational higher education schools, police and military academies and colleges, and application-research centers are all examples of higher education institutions. The law establishes four-year higher education schools such as universities, faculties, and institutes, whereas the Council of Higher Education (YK) establishes two-year vocational schools, departments, and divisions. Universities are supervised by this Council, and its programs must be accredited regularly. The Council of Higher Education is a politically and government-agnostic national body of trustees.

There are rectors, deans, senates, and administrative boards in universities, as well as student councils. Turkish is the language of instruction in the majority of university courses. Some universities offer courses in English, French, or German, as well as a one-year preparatory year if needed. Graduates of high school must pass two exams, the YGS, and the LYS (formerly known as the SS – Student Selection Examination), to be admitted to post-secondary schools. Every year, the Student Selection and Placement Center (OSYM) conducts nationwide centralized exams to select candidates for enrollment in each university and faculty based on their grades in related subjects, their high school average results, and their preferences based on each faculty’s student capacity. Those with good grades can enroll in four-year undergraduate programs and obtain a bachelor’s degree (BA), whilst those with poor grades can enroll in two-year higher education programs and get an associate degree (AA).

Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine are five-year schools, whereas Medicine is a six-year program. After completing a four-year undergraduate program, students can pursue a master’s degree, which lasts two years and offers both thesis and non-thesis options. Doctorate programs need a master’s degree and run at least four years, culminating in a doctoral thesis. Medical, veterinary, and dental graduates are eligible to apply directly to Ph.D./Doctorate programs.

The purpose of higher education is to raise students by their interests and skills, following the country’s science policy, and in consideration of society’s qualified manpower needs at various levels, to conduct scientific research, to arrange for all types of publications that show research and examination results and facilitate advancement of science and technology, and to complete the research and examinations required by the government. According to the legislation, higher education institutions are responsible for educating their academic staff. Meanwhile, elementary, and secondary school teachers are educated for four years in universities and receive a bachelor’s degree. The annual State budget is the largest source of revenue for state schools, accounting for over 60% of total university revenue. Furthermore, a university can generate cash by providing services such as patient care at university hospitals. Student fees to public universities account for only 4% of total university expenses.

Private foundation institutions, on the other hand, charge much more tuition. Currently, private university enrolment accounts for less than 5% of total enrollment. In Turkey, public institutions carry the lion’s share of the cost of higher education.

  • Non-Formal Education (NFE): is a type of non-formal education Turkey’s Ministry of National Education oversees a network of training institutes that provide non-formal education (MEB). Non-formal education services seek to educate reading and writing, support students in completing their unfinished education, teach balanced nutrition and a healthy lifestyle, teach individuals from diverse professions the information and skills they need to develop themselves, and so on. Anadolu University’s Open Education Faculty also offers distance higher education. This program lasts between two and four years.
  • Foreign student admission: Foreign students who want to enroll in post-graduate programs at Turkish institutions of higher education can apply directly to universities; they must have completed secondary education in a high school that is equivalent to a Turkish lycée, and have it confirmed by a Turkish Embassy in their country, and apply for a student visa. Institutions will consider foreign student applications within the confines of the allotted foreign student spaces. Students must also pass the Foreign Student Entrance Examination (YOS), which is made up of two tests: a “basic learning skills exam” with a minimum score of 40 and a “Turkish language proficiency test” to determine their level of Turkish language proficiency if any. For those who do not know Turkish, language programs are accessible, and numerous Turkish colleges offer courses in English, French, or German. Foreign students must take the Graduate Education Entrance Test (GRE, GMAT, SAT, etc.) or an international examination (GRE, GMAT, SAT, etc.) that each institution requires and whose equivalent is recognized by the relevant university’s senate. The results of these exams are reviewed by the universities that administer them.

What are the Advantages of Education in Turkey?

Turkey has become one of the most popular study destinations due to the prestigious universities available, with approximately 200 universities in total, including 109 public universities as well as many private universities that host specialized institutes and other institutions of higher education. Turkey is rated 18th globally for scientific research. It has enhanced Turkey’s scientific environment according to scientific studies and standards used to judge research progress.

One of the reasons students choose Turkey to study is because of its political and economic stability. The quality and effectiveness of the new education system in Turkey have probably contributed most to Turkey’s educational development.

Also, there is the advantage of the inexpensive cost of living and tuition expenses at Turkish institutions and language schools. Turkey has been successful in attracting a large number of international students by focusing on opening doors to study. The new education system in Turkey allows scientific and cultural cooperation with many countries. The Turkish government has taken care to provide all of the conditions necessary to attract foreign students including official scholarships to study in Turkey and the allocation of their seats, as well as simplifying visa and residency procedures.

The number of universities and colleges in Turkey has increased to 170. It is predicted to reach 500 by 2023. This council monitors and manages higher education. With the start of each new academic year, foreign students come to Turkey to study doubles. In terms of instruction language, most institutions educate in Turkish, however, based on the bilingual education system in Turkey many public universities offer specific lessons in English and private universities mostly teach in English.

The participation of the charitable funding and associations in promoting the teaching experience, is the most important factor in the success of the education system of Turkey as it built schools and universities, provided scholarships, helped contribute to the printing of scientific publications, and built and supervised student housing.

Private schools that teach foreign languages were also created by charitable giving. This is in addition to funding scientific research and scientists participating in scientific activities as well as conducting scientific seminars and conferences both within and beyond Turkey to help create a true scientific environment.

Here are the advantages of the new education system in Turkey:

  • Turkish universities offer a high level of excellence in the study of the student’s chosen major. Internationally renowned certificates are awarded to students who study in Turkey. Turkish universities provide degrees and certifications that are recognized across the world.
  • Modern university cities and unique features: You will find sophisticated libraries and laboratories in which you can conduct research and study to reach various aspects of information, as well as sports and cultural facilities, clubs, and student housing in which you can enjoy being a student in Turkey.
  • Study in a safe environment with low costs of living: In Turkey, you will have the option of receiving a low-cost education since university tuition and the cost of living are lower than in most European nations.
  • It is multicultural and bilingual: Turkey’s landmass covers both Europe and Asia, making it a bridge between the East and the West. It is also a cultural melting pot, with proximity to Africa, where individuals of many ethnicities and beliefs may feel at ease. Indeed, over 30,000 foreign students study here.  They come from continental Europe, Africa, the United States, and Asia.
  • Turkish people are famous for their friendliness and hospitality. You’ll soon be drinking cay (tea) and playing tavla (backgammon) with the locals, and your neighbors will be inviting you over for breakfast. The majority of Turks love meeting new people and practicing their English.
  • It is full of natural wonders: Turkey’s coastline is more than 5,000 miles and is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the south, the Aegean Sea to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the inner Sea of Marmara just below Istanbul. The Kackar Mountains in the northeast are a hiker’s dream, with hidden valleys, breathtaking vistas, and uncommon fauna.
  • Government Scholarship: Every year, applications for bachelor’s and postgraduate degrees are available for one month. Students under the age of 21 are admitted, as are those who have an “Elios” certificate, which is a Turkish equivalent of a high school diploma or an “SAT” certificate (an American high school certificate equivalent and valid in every country in the world).
  • Private university: They have the benefit of being in Turkey and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. The learning process is conducted in English, and you may finish your studies at your own pace (complete whenever you wish). There are no restrictions on the number of seats offered.
  • Accommodation: Most Turkish institutions can provide various types of accommodation. Each institution is responsible for its student housing. Another option for accommodation, particularly in large cities, is to rent apartments and homes in collaboration with other students. Students can live on campus, with costs varying depending on the style of room and number of people in it, as well as food.

What are the Benefits of the Turkish Education System?

Turkey is ranked second in the world in terms of access to higher education, with a schooling rate of 94.2 percent. As a result, a degree from a Turkish institution is recognized across Europe! By European norms, ECTS is employed as a course credit system, and all students obtain a Diploma Supplement. Turkey is also one of the most successful Erasmus+ exchange program participants. In addition to Erasmus, Turkey has other exchange programs that foster student and faculty mobility, such as Mevlana and Farabi.

  • Diversity in Universities and Programs: Turkey has 207 universities and a population of 82 million people. The country’s student population is estimated to be over 8 million. Turkey is the first country with a student population of this magnitude in higher education. Over 60.000 distinct programs are available at 207 institutions. You’re likely to find the ideal university and program for you from the many alternatives available.
  • High-Quality Education: Turkish universities compete with universities all around the world for high-quality education. Universities provide excellent and competitive facilities for students to enjoy their studies. The bilingual education system in the institutions also includes both Turkish and international academics and instructors, providing students with a variety of perspectives and experiences.
  • Living Costs: Turkey provides foreign students with a high quality of life at a reasonable cost of living. To make life easier for students, Turkey offers discounts on transportation, museum admission, movie tickets, and a variety of other activities.
  • Strategic Location: Turkey is known for being the country where the east meets the west, and it is a strategic place from which one can quickly go to any destination they choose. Students explore career and internship possibilities as well. This makes it easy to investigate alternatives in both the east and west when you graduate from university.
  • History and rich culture: Turkey is just the right country for history buffs. Turkey offers several museums and historical sites to visit, as well as a variety of cultural events that take place all year long at reasonable prices and appeal to a wide range of preferences, including classical orchestras, jazz festivals, and Mevlana festivals.
  • A Multi-Cultural Setting: You will not feel alone as an international student studying in Turkey because many foreign students are studying there just like you. This results from the integration of cultures in which one may learn about diverse civilizations, broadening one’s horizons and forming lifelong connections.
  • Erasmus Studentships: As a student at a Turkish institution, you are eligible for an Erasmus exchange after a year or two because Turkey is a partner. This permits you to spend a semester or two studying and traveling in a European country and other Erasmus partner countries. Students will be able to explore different institutions, campuses, and nations within a single university degree because of this possibility.
  • English is the language of instruction: Although there is a prevalent misunderstanding that you must study in Turkish, many Turkish institutions provide English-language education and provide an English-medium atmosphere for overseas students in a bilingual education system in Turkey.
  • You can become a member of a larger community: Being an international student in Turkey presents many opportunities. One of the most rewarding aspects is the extremely active student clubs that cater to a wide range of interests, including diving clubs, international student clubs, vegan clubs, and charity clubs. This helps to connect and bond with students from many cultures and countries who share common interests, allowing them to feel like they are part of a larger community.
  • You can learn to speak a new language: You will get the opportunity to study Turkish. Knowing a second language is usually advantageous and adds value to your abilities and credentials once you have completed your studies and are ready to begin your job.
  • Touristic Destination: If you’re a student who likes to try new things, travel, and goes on adventures, Turkey is a fantastic country to visit because it has a variety of tourist attractions to visit suitable for your student budget.

Is the Education System in Turkey Good?

Education in Turkey has a formula that complies with European education standards. Your diploma from a university located in this country is recognized in all European countries. In addition, the necessary education is given to young people to become healthy individuals, based on curriculum updates and technological changes during the primary and secondary school periods. There are two types of education in the country. The first is free universities provided by the state. To enter here you need to take the annual exam and get a good grade. However, you can also study at paid universities that offer paid education, which is a more luxurious education option. These private universities are run by some foundations and wealthy people, depending on the rules set by the state.

How is Turkey Ranked in Education?

Turkey, with its enrollment rate of 94.2%, is the second country in the world that provides the most access to higher education. This country is included in the European Higher Education Area and perfectly implements the Bologna Process. In this sense, it provides an excellent reading opportunity thanks to its education quality and programs.

Is Education Paid in Turkey?

No wonder international students choose Turkey as a study destination. Many institutions are ranked well in international academic rankings, and tuition and living expenses are relatively low.

Public universities in Turkey are considerably affordable when compared to comparable schools in Europe or the United States. International students often pay from 100 to 4,000 EUR each school year. Medicine and engineering, for example, are likely to be expensive.

No wonder private Turkish institutions are more costly than state universities.  Academic courses with reasonable tuition can still be found, but some degrees cost more than 20,000 EUR each year. International students from the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA) can benefit from cheaper tuition costs at both public and private colleges in Turkey (EEA). Therefore, the easiest method to figure out how much you’ll have to spend is to visit the university’s official website.

As an international student, you may live well in Turkey on a monthly budget of 400–650 EUR. When compared to other study locations across the world, this is far less expensive. Depending on your lifestyle and spending patterns, your typical living costs will change.

While studying in Turkey, there is a variety of options for accommodation. Some are more cost-effective, while others offer more comfort and convenience. The following are the most common student housing alternatives in Turkey:

  • Dormitories at universities: The cost varies based on the university and the facilities available.
  • State-run boarding houses: Monthly costs range from 24 to 38 euros.
  • Private dorms: They offer considerably more facilities, but at a premium price.
  • Getting a place to live: 68–283 EUR/month, depending on the vicinity.
  • Renting an apartment is the best choice, the extra utilities will add 50–75 EUR to monthly living expenditures.

A monthly public transportation pass (bus or metro) costs about 27 EUR. This will be useful for students who travel regularly or who simply love visiting the nearby regions and getting to know the city. Otherwise, you may spend the following for a single trip: For a 5 km trip, a cab costs 2.85 EUR, while a bus or metro ticket costs 0.20–0.40 EUR.

International students can apply for a variety of scholarships and awards in Turkey. Various entities, such as the government, colleges, educational institutions, and international organizations, provide these types of financial assistance. The conditions for applying for a scholarship change from one to the other, as does the amount you will get.

What is it like to be a Student in Turkey?

Being a foreign student in a different nation with a different culture may have a positive influence on an individual by allowing them to grow and experience a new world. Being a student in Turkey will provide a whole new set of experiences that may transform one’s life. It’s a lot of fun to look for the Turkish equivalent of a foreign name. You’ll interact with students and teachers. The nicest aspect of being a foreign student in Turkey is the unlimited number of individuals you may meet on campus. Turkish students are hospitable and interested in learning about other nations and cultures. You’ll meet a lot of people from various groups and backgrounds. You will have an incredible experience and form a relationship with this lovely nation, and when the time comes to go on with your life, whether in another country or back home, you will miss all those carefree college days, even those when you had to study all night with your dorm friends. And the irony is that if you hear a negative statement about Turkey while traveling overseas, you will defend it as if it were your own country.

Can Foreign Students Get a Scholarship in Turkey?

Turkey provides significant scholarship possibilities for international students that visit the country. In this manner, it distinguishes itself as one of the top educational institutions for international students seeking higher education.

Turkey has become one of the most popular locations for international students due to its numerous educational possibilities. They chose Turkey for its vibrant social life, diversified society, and rich historical heritage, as well as for scholarships and training.

According to the Turkish Council of Higher Education (YOK), around 115,000 international students are presently enrolled in Turkish institutions, placing the country among the top ten host countries for international students in the world. Each year, around 5,000 foreigners from all over the world participate in scholarship programs. Students with fully financed scholarships are accepted to Turkish institutions to pursue bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees.

  • Turkiye Burslar Program (Turkish Burslar Program) (Turkey Scholarship Program): With the help of the government, this initiative was launched in 2020 by Foreign Turks and Relative Communities and received 40.000 applications in the first year. Turkey continues to draw attention by collecting around 150 thousand applications for university education to international students’ scholarships entitling Scholarship Program in 2019. In addition to financial assistance, the Turkey Scholarship Program requires students to enroll in their preferred university programs. This distinguishes this scholarship program from others. Students in the program have the option to participate in cultural and intellectual events outside of the institution throughout their stay in Turkey. The Turkey Scholarship Program assists international scholars with a variety of research fellowships and Turkish language training programs, as well as researchers and public workers. Foreign students who finish at least one academic year at the master’s or doctorate level will be awarded scholarships if they graduate in the first rank within the criteria in Turkey. Successful international students who satisfy the applicable standards are awarded a one-year scholarship for one academic year. The Turkey Scholarship Program attracts students from a variety of nations, including Germany, Iceland, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and Pakistan. There are additional nations where applicants can only apply to graduate programs. The following are the eligibility requirements for the scholarship:
  • For undergraduate programs, you must be under the age of 21.
  • For master’s programs, you must be under 30 years old.
  • Being under the age of 35 is required for doctorate degrees.

Minimum academic success for undergraduate programs is 70%, for master’s programs this is 75% while it is 90% for medical science programs. Citizens of Turkey or those who have lost their Turkish citizenship are not eligible to apply. Students who are currently studying in Turkey are unable to apply.

  • International Researchers Scholarship Program: In addition to the Turkey Scholarship program detailed above, international students and researchers who intend to continue their academic studies in Turkey can apply for TUBITAK international researchers’ scholarships. TUBITAK provides scholarships for part of or all of the research that you wish to undertake in Turkey, whether it is for a Ph.D. or for foreign students who are registered in doctoral programs at Turkish universities or research organizations.
  • International Students are eligible for a CoHE Scholarship: It is intended for foreign undergraduate and graduate students from countries that have signed a protocol with the YOK (Council of Higher Education). If a student is accepted into a Turkish higher education program but does not have a Turkish Proficiency Certificate, they are offered a year of language training.

Scholarships for International Students from Other Foundations are as follows:

  • Undergraduate Scholarship for Turkish Science and Engineering MSc
  • Undergraduate Scholarship at Abdullah Gul University Kayseri (AGU)
  • Summer Exchange Program at the Yunus Emre Institute Scholarship
  • Undergraduate Scholarships at the Middle East Technical University (METU)
  • Graduate Scholarships at Istanbul Commerce University
  • General Directorate of Foundations, Ministry of Culture and Tourism Scholarship
  • Scholarships from the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) are available at Ankara University.
  • Veysel Karani Turkish Yemeni Said Foundation

How Many Universities Are There in Turkey?

Turkey has approximately 200 universities, most of which are government-run. Most of these schools are recently founded. There were just eight state universities in 1970, and the first private university (Bilkent University) did not open until 1984. Antalya International University (AIU) is one of Turkey’s newest institutions, having welcomed its first students in the 2012/13 academic year. It aims to attract more than half of its students from outside the country. Many Turkish colleges participate in the Erasmus+ program, which encourages international student exchanges.  Both public and private universities in Turkey adhere to the Bologna Agreement, which standardizes degree programs across Europe. Turkey’s higher education system was placed 43rd in the world in the current edition of the QS Higher Education System Strength Rankings.

The top universities in Turkey are: Ten Turkish universities are featured in the QS University Rankings: EECA 2019, a rating of the top institutions in Emerging Europe and Central Asia, while 45 Turkish universities are mentioned in the QS World University Rankings 2019. Most of Turkey’s best universities are in Ankara and Istanbul, the country’s two largest cities. Middle East Technical University, Bilkent University, and Hacettepe University are all in the top 50 universities in Ankara, whereas Bogazici University, Koc University, Sabanci University Istanbul Technical University, and Istanbul University are all in the top 50 universities in Istanbul.

How Many State Universities Are There in Turkey?

Turkish universities provide high-quality education and are committed to research. As a result, overseas students might select Turkish universities for their higher education, not least because of the inexpensive tuition prices. There are 85 state universities in Turkey.

Are Foreign Students Accepted to Turkish State Universities?

Yes, Turkish universities welcome international students from all countries, considering their academic qualifications and eligibility for the course of study. Students’ certifications and transcripts play an essential role in their undergraduate and postgraduate admission decisions.

How Many Foundation Universities Are There in Turkey?

There are 63 foundation universities.  Academics believe foundation universities, a significant alternative to the public higher educational system, have helped enhance the quality of Turkish education as Turkish universities advance in worldwide rankings and aim to attract students from all over the world. The universities were founded by affluent businessmen, and the number of educational institutions has increased dramatically in the previous 30 years. Academics believe they might serve as role models for higher education in the Arab world.

Most foundation institutions have also benefited from public land contributions. According to an academic study, while they are governed by the Turkish Council of Higher Education, they are also governed by unique laws. According to Study in Turkey, an online resource regarding Turkey’s higher education, over 40% of foundation university students get some sort of assistance. Some full-time students at Koc University argue that the education is worthwhile since, among other things, most classes are taught in English rather than Turkish, and the institutions provide a less conventional curriculum than the public system.

Are Foreign Students Accepted to Foundation Universities in Turkey?

According to a recently published report by the Council of Higher Education (YOK), a total of 525,473 students were registered in 63 Turkish foundation institutions as of February, according to the first thorough assessment of the country’s foundation universities. To study in Turkey, international students can enroll in foundation universities that do not require an examination. Foundation universities open foreign student quotas at a certain rate each year.

With its geopolitical location as a crossroads between three continents, excellent educational quality, and the benefit of a globally recognized credential, Turkey has lately risen to the top of the list of most favored nations for university study. Thousands of students choose Turkish institutions every year, particularly from Gulf and Central Asian nations. There are more than 200 state and foundation universities in Turkey as of 2021, spread throughout 81 cities. These institutions provide hundreds of different undergraduate programs, and the degrees given at the end of each program have worldwide recognition. Around 70 Turkish universities, including Kocaeli University, Karabuk University, Bogazici University, TOBB Economy and Technology University, TED University, Yasar University, Atilim University, and Amasya University, admit foreign students without testing them. Furthermore, most institutions allow overseas students without examination in specific fields. We’d like to remind you that the most up-to-date and correct information can be found on the official websites of the colleges to which you’ll be applying. Universities in Turkey often admit international students who have passed the YOS Test (International Student Test). Some institutions, however, allow students into undergraduate programs without taking the YOS test, and we want to remind you that this is at the initiative of the universities. In addition, applications for programs at institutions that accept students with YOS are approved without examination if there are open quotas. As a foreigner in Turkey, you must satisfy one of the following requirements to apply for undergraduate study without examination:

  • Persons who are entirely foreign nationals, as well as those who are Turkish citizens by birth but have resigned their Turkish citizenship with the consent of the Ministry of Interior.
  • Those who afterward became citizens of Turkey,
  • Those who have completed their high school education in Turkey yet are foreign nationals,
  • Having Turkish citizenship and a high school diploma from a foreign country
  • GCE AL test results for KKTC students

Most importantly foreign student quotas and criteria may be searched on the official websites of the colleges to which you’ll be applying. The following are the basic documents required for university application in Turkey without an examination. Institutions may require additional paperwork from you. The list of documents that must be submitted notarized is below.

  • Original and notarized translation of a high school diploma.
  • Transcripts from high school and a notarized translation
  • A copy of your passport, as well as a notarized translation
  • Certificate of equivalence
  • Biometric photo.

Is there a Student Dormitory in Turkey?

Studying in Turkey has become a dream for many students, particularly those from the Gulf countries attracted by the level and quality of education in Turkey, as well as students from Syria and Iraq.  Thus it has become necessary to search for student accommodation that suits each student’s financial circumstances and to compare the services provided to students in each type of student accommodation in Turkey. There are various forms of student housing in Turkey, each of which provides different services. Student housing in Turkey may be categorized as follows:

  • Dormitories Supported by the Government (KYK):  It is a Turkish government-sponsored student housing managed by the KYK Foundation of the Turkish Ministry of Youth and Sports. A government student dormitory costs between 200 and 350 TL (21 -36 USD) per month, making it affordable to all students. Summer classes and student activities are held in some government houses throughout the year. To remain in these houses during the summer vacation, you must register for summer courses ahead of time. A government student dormitory is distinguished by the following features for students: Symbolic meals for a reasonable price are served in all government student homes. There is a free internet connection. Cleaning and laundry services are provided free of charge in private laundries. Students receive psychological and social help from professionals. Possibility of staying in any other government student dormitory for ten days. Government student dormitory disadvantages in Turkey: Increasing number of students per room to as many as eight in certain cases.
  • Dormitories Supported by the Foundational Institutions: A student house run by the Turkish Religious Foundation, a well-known religious and philanthropic organization in Turkey that helps Turkish and international students. It offers students affordable, safe, and contemporary housing for a little cost, as well as considerable reductions, which can occasionally equal full exemption. Foundation Student Dormitory Benefits: This sort of dorm is known for its strict rules. Students are accepted following an interview with the organization. All students, regardless of political affiliation, are eligible to use the application. Foundation student housing is accessible in three Turkish provinces: Istanbul, Antalya, and Izmir.
  • Private dormitories: It is a private student house in Turkey that provides luxury and tranquility, as well as the availability of many amenities such as Meals, where regular breakfast, meal, and supper are available for a nominal cost to students, Open internet access, laundry and cleaning services are available. The existence of study spaces and the availability of privacy allow for the finest kind of student accommodation in Turkey as a private student dormitory. Inside the student’s private apartment, Private dormitories are also distinguished by their closeness to public and private universities in Turkey. It will be sufficient to show official documentation of your acceptance to a Turkish institution and to apply for a student residency permit in any Turkish province.
  • Housing for students: These are flats for young people who study in Turkey, whether they are students or foreigners in general. It is quite common in Istanbul, and this style of housing is very popular with Arabic students. Youth Housing in Turkey Has Many Benefits: In comparison to the cost of renting a property in Turkey, it is less expensive since it is shared and the expense is spread among the inhabitants when compared to private house insurance in Turkey. The value of insurance is at a minimum range and bills are included in the rent (water, electricity, gas, Internet). Due to the high demand for this sort of property, rates for flats and rentals are fiercely competitive, and rents vary by Turkish region.

Housing in Istanbul with its districts like Aksaray, Fatih, and Taksim, as well as Esenyurt and Avcilar, are among Istanbul’s most densely inhabited neighborhoods, with young housing conveniently placed near transportation links. In Turkey, the cost of housing for young people is the cost of youth housing varies by Turkish province and neighborhood, however, the cost of youth housing in Istanbul for one room is as follows: $88.5 in the Esenyurt region, $94 in the Avcilar area, $115 in Basaksehir, $302 in the Beyoglu neighborhood, $42 to $52 in Trabzon’s province, $57 to $73 in the province of Eskisehir, In the province of Bursa, prices range from $52 to $83, $52-$63  in Kocaeli Province. These are the rental prices for a single room in a youth house, the cost might be less if the room is shared with another student.

Can Foreign Students Stay in Turkey Student Dormitories?

Foreign students studying at Turkish institutions will, like any other foreigner, be seeking rental apartments. However, students at colleges have the option of living in Turkey student dorms. Students who live in dorms have several advantages. The most evident is the cost of the rent. A month’s rent for a room might be as little as $5. There are single and shared rooms available, and most dorms feature kitchens where students may prepare their meals.  Students, who don’t feel like cooking, may eat at affordable cafeterias that are accessible and open late.

Where Do Students Live in Turkey?

Turkey has 81 cities and more than 201 universities. Thousands of students choose which city in Turkey they will study in each year. We’ve prepared a list of the most popular Student Cities in Turkey. All the locations on our list have a lot to offer to international students, thanks to their excellent educational standards and well-known universities. Istanbul is a well-known metropolis that connects Asia and Europe, having gorgeous bridges, historical sites, and the breathtaking Bosphorus with much more to offer.

Istanbul is one of the greatest student cities in the world. It has a total of 57 universities. There are 44 private universities and 13 public institutions among the 57 universities. this great city is home to 29% of Turkey’s universities, making it a student metropolis. Istanbul is the study destination of almost one-third of international students. Istanbul works well as a student city since it provides a variety of housing alternatives and recreational opportunities. The majority of the students mention that even after living in Istanbul for several years, there are new things to discover.

Ankara, Turkey’s capital, is one of the country’s largest cities, with a population of roughly 5,4 million people. Studying in Ankara may be an exciting experience. In Turkey, Ankara is the second most popular destination for private universities. Ankara is one of the perfect places to spend your higher education years, with seven state institutions and eight private universities. Ankara’s student life is also distinct from those of the other cities on the list.

Izmir is in the country’s western region. It is Turkey’s third-largest city in terms of population. Izmir may not have as many tourist attractions as its neighboring cities. However, it does have the characteristics of a tourist destination. With beautiful beaches, nice promenades, and a quiet ambiance, Izmir is certainly a place to study and have fun at the same time. There are nine universities in Izmir.

Antalya is undoubtedly one of Turkey’s most well-known cities. As one of the cities on our list, Antalya is not just a terrific vacation spot, but also a fantastic destination to study abroad. You will love your studies more than anywhere else, thanks to the bright sun and gorgeous beaches. Three private institutions and two governmental universities are available in Antalya. Due to the campus life and education, the majority of international students choose to study at private institutions in Antalya.

Sakarya, one of the Marmara region’s fastest-growing cities, is home to Sakarya University. Because of its closeness to Istanbul, the city is quite busy, attracting a lot of attention. Sakarya is a densely populated city, with a population of 953 thousand people.

Can Foreign Students Buy a House in Turkey?

Turkey has long been an attractive location for foreigners to call home because of its outstanding climate, landscape, culture, and history. As a result, the country is providing plenty of options for business people, professionals, students, and retirees to come and invest in real estate in exchange for second citizenship. Foreigners who wish to live in Turkey can obtain Turkish citizenship through investment in as quick as two months. Realty Group projects are reasonably priced for international buyers.

What Are Turkey’s Top Quality Universities?

Turkey is home to two of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, as well as some of the world’s top colleges and organizations. It has some top-ranked, well-respected universities that are renowned across the world for producing some of the brightest pupils. Turkey boasts numerous top-ranked institutions and universities where you may get a degree of Master’s, Bachelor’s, or Ph.D. while studying at some of the world’s greatest law schools, business schools, engineering schools, and medical schools. Many Turkish universities, such as Koc University, Sabanci University, and Bilkent University, are at the top of worldwide rankings lists.

Times high education ranking (2021) is as follows.

  1. Cankaya University 401
  2. Koc University 401
  3. Hacettepe University 501
  4. Sabanci University 501
  5. Bilkent University  601
  6. Bogazici University 601
  7. Ozyegin University 601
  8. Istanbul Technical University 801
  9. Istanbul University 801
  10. METU Middle East Technical University 801

Are There World Famous Universities in Turkey?

These Turkish institutions have been numerically rated based on their total rankings in the Best Global Universities list. Schools were rated by members of the academic community across the world and in Asia based on their research performance and ratings. These are Turkey’s best international universities.

  1. Bogazici University: GLOBAL SCORE 62.6
  2. Middle East Technical University: GLOBAL SCORE 52.2
  3. Istanbul Technical University: GLOBAL SCORE 50.7
  4. Hacettepe University: GLOBAL SCORE 49.9
  5. Izmir Yuksek Teknoloji Enstitusu: GLOBAL SCORE 48.6
  6. Bilkent University: GLOBAL SCORE 47.2

How Do Turkish People Treat Foreign Students?

Language and cultural obstacles, differences in educational systems, financial issues, social interaction problems, racial prejudice, divergent views, alienation, and homesickness are among the challenges that foreign students face in a new society, according to a prior study. Overall, it appears that international students are generally pleased with their experiences in Turkey. Even though certain unfavorable viewpoints are stated, international students often indicate that they are at ease with the culture, surroundings, food, language, and people, and that they find people to be nice and welcoming.

Turkey is a safe country with a well-organized police department and military. The police provide security in cities, while the military provides security outside the cities and at borders. Bribery is an obsolete concept in Turkey. Its army is regarded as one of the world’s strong militaries. Turkey follows the Swiss Code of Obligations, the German Commercial Code, and the Italian Code of Criminal Procedure in its legal system. People in Turkey get along well with one another and there has never been any racism. When a Turk and a foreigner disagree, Turks take the side of the righteous and the injured.

Even if you don’t find a person who speaks English when you have an issue at that exact moment, you’ll come across nice people who will try to help you by all means. Turkish people are among the very hospitable people in the world; they are so courteous and sincere towards foreigners. Turkish people will defend foreign people against injustice no matter what.

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